Dating birmingham university
However, probably the best reference relating the circumstances under which, and the period over which, the grouping of Birmingham gunsmiths metamorphosed into the Birmingham Small Arms Company, can be found in their own later company history of the period of the Second World War (1939-45), "The Other Battle".
The Birmingham Small Arms Company (BSA) was founded in 1861 by fourteen gunsmiths in Birmingham, England, to supply arms to the British government during the Crimean War.
The company continued after the conflict but branched out into other fields; in the 1880s the company began to manufacture bicycles and in 1903 the company's first experimental motorcycle was constructed.
Their first prototype automobile was produced in 1907 and the next year the company sold 150 automobiles.
By 1909 they were offering a number of motorcycles for sale and in 1910 BSA purchased the British Daimler Company for its automobile engines.
Post-war, BSA continued to expand the range of metal goods it produced.The BSA Group bought Triumph, making them the largest producer of motorcycles in the world.The company made automobiles in 1907-1915, 1921-1926, 1932-1939, and 1960.The Daimler nameplate produced cars for BSA from 1910-19-1960. There were cars bearing the BSA name itself from 1930-1939. The Group continued to expand and acquire throughout the 1950s but by 1965 competition from Japan and Germany was eroding BSA's market share.
By 1972 BSA was so moribund that it was absorbed into Manganese Bronze in a rescue plan initiated by the Department of Industry and many of the acquisitions were separated or sold.The motorcycle business was hard hit - plans to rescue and combine Norton, BSA and Triumph failed in the face of worker resistance and Norton's and BSA's factories were shut-down, while Triumph staggered on to fail four years later. Enjoying the rights to the BSA marque, it was bought-out by the management and renamed the BSA Company. A post-war boom in motor cycles meant that BSA Motor Cycles Ltd. In 1973, BSA was taken over by Manganese Bronze Holdings Ltd., which held Norton Villiers.In 1991 BSA Company merged with Andover Norton International Ltd., to form a new BSA Group, largely producing spare parts for existing motorcycles. During the Second World War, New Hudson Ltd., Sunbeam Ltd. was created in 1953 (separate from BSA Cycles Ltd.). were also created from existing BSA companies as designs and production were developed. Norton Villiers and BSA were merged to form NVT Ltd. Return to: THE GROWTH OF AN INDUSTRY BIRMINGHAM has for centuries been the centre of the country's small arms trade.In December 1994 Colquhoun and Jackson's BSA Group was taken over by a newly formed BSA Regal Group. From 1918 it also acquired Burton Griffiths and Co., William Jessop and Sons (1920) and Birtley Co. In 1951, the Group purchased Triumph Engineering Co. There was certainly an established trade in the city by the early 16th century, for in 1538, for instance, John Leiand, a churchman, travelling through the Midlands, wrote:— "I came through a praty street or ever I entered Bermingham.