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The 2016 Australian federal election was a double dissolution election held on Saturday 2 July to elect all 226 members of the 45th Parliament of Australia, after an extended eight-week official campaign period.
It was the first double dissolution election since the 1987 election and the first under a new voting system for the Senate that replaced group voting tickets with optional preferential voting.
In the 150-seat House of Representatives, the one-term incumbent Coalition government was reelected with a reduced 76 seats, marking the first time since 2004 that a government had been reelected with an absolute majority.
The Labor opposition picked up a significant number of previously government-held seats − totaling 69 seats.
On the crossbench, the Greens, the Nick Xenophon Team, Katter's Australian Party, and independents Wilkie and Mc Gowan won a seat each.
For the first time since federation, the post-election opposition won more seats than the post-election government in the two most populous states, New South Wales and Victoria.
The final outcome in the 76-seat Senate took over four weeks to complete despite significant voting changes.
Announced on 4 August, it revealed a reduced plurality of 30 seats for the Coalition, 26 for Labor, and a record 20 for crossbenchers including 9 Greens, 4 from One Nation and 3 from the Xenophon Team.
The Coalition will require nine additional votes for a Senate majority, an increase of three.
who criticised the major parties for rejecting the standard "recount" method despite supporting it in the past, whereby Senators who would have been elected in a normal half-Senate election are allocated six-year terms. The incumbent Liberal/National Coalition government won 30 seats, a net loss of three − the Coalition lost four Senators, one each from New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia and South Australia, but gained a Senator in Victoria.
The Coalition subsequently lost South Australian Liberal Senator Cory Bernardi, who quit to form the Australian Conservatives party.
The Labor opposition won 26 seats, a gain of one − a Senator in Western Australia.
The number of crossbenchers increased by two to a record 20.
The Liberal/National Coalition will require at least ten additional votes to reach a Senate majority, an increase of four.